What is an EHCP?
An EHCP replaces the statement of SEN. It also replaces the learning difficulties assessment (which applies in most post-16 settings).
An EHCP is a document that says what support a child or young person who has special educational needs should have.
Not all children with special educational needs and/or disabilities will need an EHCP.
EHCPs are only for children and young people who need a lot more support than their school or college can usually give them.
What will an EHCP look like?
If your child has an EHCP it will say:
- what they need support with
- what education support they will get to help them to learn
- what health support they will get
- what social care support they may need
- what things they want to do in the future
When should an application for assessment be made?
The majority of children and young people with special educational needs can have their needs met through the resources normally available in their educational setting and/or community.
The local offer will enable families and practitioners to find out what is available locally and further afield and should help everyone to make the most of many services and opportunities that are available without the need to have an Education, Health and Care (EHC) Plan.
Where provision cannot reasonably be provided through services and resources that are normally available, it may be necessary to apply for an EHC assessment.
It is usually best for families to talk to their child's setting or a professional working with their child before a request is made. Settings and professionals who are familiar with the family should be able to help the family to decide whether an assessment is needed.
When a request is made it really helps those making the decision to know why the family think an assessment is needed. It also helps to have good information about the journey for the child so far. There are questions on the request form that help to gather this information. You may be contacted by our parent engagement officer who can help with this.
Sometimes families may find it helpful to talk to the Salford Independent Advice and Support Service, telephone 0161 778 0343 or 0161 778 0349, or other voluntary support services when a request for an Education, Health and Care assessment is being considered.
Families and young people aged 16 and over have the right to apply for an Education, Health and Care assessment independently.
Schools, colleges and other bodies can also request assessments but they can only do this with the knowledge and agreement of the parent or young person where this is possible.
The criteria for carrying out an Education, Health and Care assessment is the same as it was for carrying out an assessment for a statement of special educational needs (SEN).
The child or young person has to have a special educational need that is severe and/or complex and has persisted in spite of the school or other setting taking all expected steps, including using the highest level of its resources to identify, assess and meet the need. The panel also considers whether or not the difficulties are having an effect on the child or young person's emotional well being.
The criteria for issuing an Education, Health and Care Plan (EHCP) is the same as it was for issuing a statement of SEN. The panel considers both the child or young person's SEN and the special educational provision already being made. It decides whether the information from the assessment confirms the information available on the nature and extent if the child or young person's SEN and whether the special educational provision being put in was well matched to the SEN of the child or young person.
The panel also has to consider whether the special educational provision required to meet the identified needs can be reasonably provided from within the resources normally available to mainstream institutions or whether it may be necessary for the local authority to make special educational provision in accordance with an EHCP.
The Education, Health and Care (EHC) videos below provides details about how the assessment process works.
If a plan is agreed, it will be reviewed every six months for a child aged under five or once a year above age five, although parts of the plan can be reviewed more frequently.
The plan will stay in place until it is no longer needed. That will be when the educational or training outcomes have been achieved and the child or young person needs the SEN provision specified in the plan.
Support and advice on EHC planning is available throughout the process from the Salford Independent Advice and Support Service (SIASS) who can be contacted on 0161 778 0343/0349. You can also text 0772 054 4560 or 0799 051 5296 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
From September 2014, we will start to convert statements and Learning Difficulties Assessments (LDA) to Education, Health and Care Plans (EHCP).
The government has told us that we should do this in a planned and ordered way so that everybody understands what we are doing and has the best possible experience from the process.
The timetable below shows which year groups will be converted during each of the coming three years. To see which group your child falls within, use the year group they were in on 1 September 2014.
School yearYear groupYear groupYear groupYear groupYear groupYear group
|1 September 2014 to 31 August 2015||14||13||11||5||2||Not applicable|
|1 September 2015 to 31 August 2016||12||10||8||4||1||Reception|
|1 September 2016 to 31 August 2017||9 (11 in September 2016)||7 (9 in September 2016)||6 (8 in September 2016)||3 (5 in September 2016)||Not applicable||Not applicable|